Mt. Everest Climbing Guide – Dangers and Surviving Rules
What are the difficulties to climb Everest? Climbing Mt. Everest, The roof of the world is risky business having many physical and climate dangers.
The snow caped Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world. Deaths at Mount Everest are not particularly common, but they’re far from rare, and they will continue to happen so long as people continue to ascend the world’s tallest mountain. There are many physical dangers to the climbers on Mt. Everest. Many people frequently die from these dangers. Some of the sicknesses about every climber develops, like the Khumbu Cough. Four of the main dangers are frostbite, hypothermia, snowblindness, and acute mountain sickness. Avalanches, Crevasses, falls are the most dangerous things to take care.
Rock fall on Mount Everest
As the Mount Everest is so high, a falling rock or a solid ice piece as large as lump could seriously injury or even kill you. The climbers above you could be just at the time of climbing with their feet to get a grip and kicking in the ice which may loosen some rocks or ice falling down quickly to hit you.
Climate Change Makes Risks of Climbing Mt. Everest
Climbing to the roof of the world is becoming less predictable and possibly more dangerous, scientists say, as climate change brings warmer temperatures that may eat through the ice and snow on Mount Everest. Nepal was left reeling when a sudden ice avalanche slammed down onto a group of Sherpa guides on Friday and killed 16 in the deadliest single disaster on Everest. While it is impossible to link any single event to long-term changes in the global climate, scientists say the future will likely hold more such dangers in high-altitude regions. Avalanches of snow, rock or ice could increase. Climbing and trekking terrains would become unsteady. Glaciers may be more unpredictable. Storms will become more erratic, and the Himalayas in particular could see more snow as warming oceans send more moisture into the air for the annual Indian monsoon that showers the 2,400-kilometer (1,500-mile) mountain range.
An avalanche is a sudden, drastic flow of snow pouring down a mountain side. The avalanche can occur just by natural triggers, for example, when fresh snow setting on old snow. It can also occur by artificial triggers, such as climbers on the mountain. When avalanche has started, a climber usually has no time to move to the safe place quickly. It rush down the mount in a very high speed that if a climber get caught in it, the climber maybe buried alive or push down for thousands feet. Now, only qualified mountain guides who have a good knowledge of the danger of avalanches on Mount Everest could spot a possible avalanche and avoid climbing on the danger area.
Lack of Oxygen – Climbing Mount Everest
Lack of oxygen is one of the major challenges posed by Everest. The oxygen levels at the top are only a third of what they are at sea level. Humans cannot survive for any length of time at elevation above 26,000 feet (8000 m), which on Everest is known as the “death zone.” At this altitude, the human body is unable to acclimate to the low oxygen and begins to deteriorate. Most climbers must use oxygen and will have difficulty sleeping. When oxygen is severely limited, the body will compensate by increasing blood flow to the brain. At extremely high elevations, the brain can actually swell and blood vessels begin to leak, resulting in High Altitude Cerebral Edema, or hace. When this happens, the climber may experience disorientation, hallucinations and even loss of consciousness. Similarly, High Altitude Pulmonary Edema, or HAPE, occurs when fluid accumulates in the lungs. This produces shortness of breath and chest tightness as well as coughing and bloody sputum.
A crevasse can be deep, wide. The depth can compare with the length of a football pitch and the width can be the wide of a building, or the crevasse can be 10 feet deep and 5 feet wide. In a word, the size of the crevasses can be deadly. On Mount Everest, there are many crevasses opening up and closing, especially in the Khumbu Icefall. A crevasse can usually be found under a new snow bridge which made of snow in just in previous years. A crevasse is nearly can not be seen and it is lethal to the climbers. If a climber drops to the deep bottom of a crevasse, there is nearly no way to come out.
High Altitude dangers
Altitude sickness or mountain sickness is the biggest risk to Mt. Everest climbers and also fresh travelers to Tibet. It will affect many aspects of their health. The higher they get, the less oxygen there is in the air. Their body can slowly adapt to this but only up to a point.
Other Physical dangers for Mt. Everest Climbers
- Frostbite:Frostbite is one of the most common dangers on Mt. Everest. It normally happens to hands or feet. It happens from not keeping different body parts warm enough. The frostbite will make the body part turn to a blackish blue color. If the frostbite goes to far without being treated the body part that has it will probably have to be amputated.
- Hypothermia:Hypothermia is not that common. Your whole body gets it. It is caused from your body temperature going down faster than it is made. It is like you are frozen or in a coma, because you cannot really move. You can barely talk and if you do it is hardly understandable. Your blood will slow down until it stops and that will make you die.
- Snow Blindness:Snow blindness is not all that common. It happens due to seeing the sun’s reflection on the snow. The person who has the sickness will get their eyesight damaged. Snow blindness will make the persons eyes ooze and swell. It will make the persons eyes sensitive and they might have pains in the fore head and eyes.
- Acute Mountain Sickness: Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) is common. It has a lot of different symptoms, but whoever has AMS will not necessarily get them all. One of the most common symptoms is a headache. Some more are nausea, vomiting, though getting sleep, dizziness, small breaths, anorexia and fatigue. Acute Mountain Sickness makes so you don’t think right. It will make you collapse after a while and you won’t really be able to do anything.
Survival Rules and Safety Tips
- Be aware about falling rocks, crevasse falls, Severe exhaustion/dehydration, Whiteout, Hurricane at 8600 m / 27000 ft, Lost tents, Frostnip, AMS, Pneumonia, Tropical and all kinds of other infections and etc.
- Respect the weather: Bad weather can turn an easy, sunny climb into a horrible, fatal inferno. The change is often fast and unforgiving. Suddenly, you are blind, the wind freeze the blood in your veins, you can’t think and you can’t find your way anywhere! Instantly, you feel a deadly fear whilst your mind keeps falling into a helpless dizziness. You cant feel your fingers, you can’t feel your toes – there is ice on the white, dying tissue of your face and the roaring wind drowns your fellow climbers’ desperate yells for each other. It’s too late for everything.
- Gears – Ropes, oxygen and alpine medicine: How much oxygen will be needed for the attempt? How many bottles is that? On what flow? What is your backup for os-failure? How do you change the bottles? Don’t hurry, clip in everywhere. At technical parts, fixed with old rope, clip in to several lines at once. Almost yearly climbers die in the Himalayas due to old rope. Pull at the ropes before clipping in. Check the screws and the ropes at all times. Don’t climb together with large numbers of climbers on one rope.
- Drink plenty: High altitude health problems like headache, edema, frostbite, confusion and such are actually more often related to dehydration then lack of oxygen.