Carved attractions of mount rushmore – President monuments
Find out few facts, figure and helpful guide about faces colossal sculpture of presidents. The art of statues is wonderful thing to explore, attracts the tourists and vacationers in mount rushmore.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial is one of the country’s most recognizable landmarks, attracting more than two million people each year. Mount Rushmore is one of our most iconic national monuments, depicting the faces of past U.S. presidents carved into the South Dakota mountainside. Led by the sculptor Gutzon Borglum, work on the project began in 1927 and was finally completed in 1941. Over that time period, some 400 workers erected the sculpture under dangerous conditions, removing a total of 450,000 tons of rock in order to create the enormous carved heads, each of which reached a height of 60 feet (18 meters). In sculptor Gutzon Borglum’s original design, the four presidents were meant to be represented from the waist up, but insufficient funding brought the carving to a halt after completion of their faces. Known as the “Shrine of Democracy,” Mount Rushmore welcomes upwards of 2 million visitors every year, and is one of America’s most popular tourist attractions.
Name the 4 presidents carved on Mount Rushmore:
Why they four?
The four presidents were chosen by Borglum because he believed they best represented the history of the United States. Washington represents the country’s birth, Jefferson represents its growth, Lincoln represents the preservation of the U.S. after the Civil War, and Roosevelt represented the development of the nation.
Susan B. Anthony was suggested as a fifth face in 1935, before the monument was even completed. Some conservatives have suggested adding 40th president Ronald Reagan to the monument, according to ABC News. A number of celebrity names have been pitched over the years as well, including John Wayne, Elvis Presley and Larry Bird. John F. Kennedy and Bill Clinton both were both highly popular presidents among Americans polled in 2013, according to CNN.
Facts of Mt. Rushmore
- On average, Mount Rushmore hosts nearly three million visitors a year.
- It took 14 years and 400 men to carve the mountain. Despite harsh and dangerous conditions, no one died during the project.
- Mount Rushmore cost nearly one million dollars and was mostly carved during the Great Depression.
- Over 90% of Mount Rushmore was carved using dynamite. The blasts removed approximately 450,000 tons of rock. Details were finished with jackhammers and hand chisels.
- The faces of Mount Rushmore are 60 feet high. That’s the same size as a six-story building.
- Learn more about Rapid City and Mount Rushmore.
- Washington’s nose is approximately 21 feet long. The rest of the faces have noses that measure about 20 feet.
- The eyes of each president are 11 feet wide, and their mouths are approximately 18 feet wide.
- On August 10, 1927, President Calvin Coolidge officially dedicated Mount Rushmore. While a ceremonial drilling took place, carving wouldn’t start until October 4, 1927.
- Thomas Jefferson’s face on Mount Rushmore was originally started on the opposite side of George Washington, but 18 months into the carving, they realized the granite was too weak. His face was dynamited off and carved on the other side. For the dedication of George Washington’s face, a group of Rapid City women sewed a 39ft by 67ft American flag. The flag was later used to dedicate all of the presidents on Mount Rushmore.
Sculpting and carving the presidents at mount rushmore
During a second visit to the Black Hills in August 1925, Borglum identified Mount Rushmore as the desired site of the sculpture. Carving started on the amazing Mount Rushmore National Memorial in 1927. It continued for 14 years, with the help of more than 350 people. The faces of four presidents are carved into the mountainside: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt. At first, there was a suggestion to carve famous western figures, people like Buffalo Bill, Lewis & Clark, and Sacagawea. But a special group, a “commission,” instead chose these presidents because they best represented the “foundation, expansion and preservation” of the United States.
A sculptor named Gutzon Borglum was asked to design Mount Rushmore. He chose the dramatic setting for this sculpture in the Black Hills of South Dakota. He decided that the best way to remove large pieces of rock from the mountain was to use dynamite. He and his workers became skilled at carving Mount Rushmore using carefully placed dynamite. In fact, more than 90 percent of the mountain was carved by dynamite! The rest was finished using air hammers. The faces of the presidents were finished one by one, Washington in 1930, Jefferson in 1936, Lincoln in 1937 and Roosevelt in 1939.
Brack Obama in queue of Mt. rushmore presidents?
A 60-foot version of President Barack Obama’s face will eventually be carved into Mount Rushmore, forever gazing down from the historic mountaintop beside the faces of four other US presidents. At least, this is what some college professors predict. Immortalized as a giant granite carving towering over South Dakota, Obama would always be remembered as the first African-American president. Nothing he does in the White House will take away from that fact, which has led thirty percent of George Washington University professors to believe he will end up on Mount Rushmore, according to a new survey conducted by The College Fix
Other attractions for tourists in Mt. Rushmore
Carved Crazy horse
The Crazy Horse Memorial in South Dakota provide opportunities to learn about some of America’s history. The Crazy Horse Memorial depicts a Sioux Indian warrior carved into the side of a mountain. Work on Crazy Horse started in 1948 and continues to this day. Guided tours to both of the attractions give you a chance to focus on the scenery and beauty of the carvings while leaving the driving to an experienced tour operator. Tours to the carving of Crazy Horse give you up close glimpses of the world’s largest depiction of Sioux Chief Crazy Horse. The mountain carving is still under construction because the Crazy Horse Memorial Foundation refuses to use any government funding and instead relies on private donations.
Guided multiday tours that include a visit to both Mount Rushmore and Crazy Horse are offered by Caravan Tours. The tours start in Rapid City and end in Salt Lake City seven days later. The first two days of the trip include tours of Rapid City, Mount Rushmore and Crazy Horse. Once you leave South Dakota, the tours take you to Yellowstone National Park and the Grand Tetons.
Presidents View Resort – Mt. Rushmore Resorts
Located in Keystone, South Dakota, this resort features an indoor heated pool with jacuzzi and air-conditioned guest rooms. It is 4.3 miles from Mount Rushmore National Memorial.Mount Rushmore President’s View Resort provides each room with a TV.The resort is minutes from the 1880 Keystone historic boardwalk. Nearby attractions include Crazy Horse and Custer State Park.
Recommended Mount Rushmore Activities/Features
- Stroll the Avenue of Flags, where each state is represented.
- View the Mount Rushmore carving from Grand View Terrace.
- View Mt. Rushmore’s new state of the art Visitor Center and Museum including an orientation film on the presidents and the Rushmore carving.
- Walk the Presidential Trail which offers the closest viewpoints of the Mt. Rushmore faces.
- View the evening lighting ceremony held in the amphitheater at 9:00 PM nightly during the summer months.
- Shop for local arts and crafts, such as Black Hills Gold jewelry, in the 5,300 square foot Mount Rushmore gift shop.
- Eat at the Carvers Café which offers visitors a delicious array of food selections, served with a commanding view of the presidential sculptures.
- View the Sculptor’s Studio and put yourself in the artist’s perspective and view the mountain sculpture and the original model of the carving.
- The next time you visit Mount Rushmore be sure to take part in The Mount Rushmore Audio Tour incorporating music, narration, interviews, historic recordings and sound effects.