Know the facts before climb mount everest
The tallest mountain on land in our world is part of the Himalayan Alps and called Mount Everest. It is a horrible fact that there are many climbers killed in falls and deep crevasses.
Mount Everest is the tallest mountain on Earth, so it is also the best mountain on Earth. Mount Everest is one of the most recognisable mountains in the world. Every year hundreds of people attempt to reach its summit – many lose their lives. People from around the world are captivated by its height – some 8848 metres above sea level – and the adventurous, driven, mountain climbers who take it on embody the physical and mental extremes that test human capabilities.
It is difficult enough to have killed many climbers in horrible falls and deep crevasses. Its altitude and the technicals of the climb are not not to be underestimated.The death zone above camp 4 has taken many strong and skilled climbers lives. That implies that Everest require intensive training. You might be lucky and the climb might go well even if you didn´t do your homework. But you will certainly notice that Everest live up to its fearful reputation should the conditions turn against you. By then though, it might simply be too late if you are not well prepared. Everest is also an extremely beautiful mountain. And just as we continue to launch ourselves into space even though missions sometimes turn into tragedy, mountaineers will always try to climb Everest to experience the majesty, beauty, and adventure of our closest frontier to Universe.
History of Climbing Mount Everest
Mount Everest attracts experienced mountaineers as well as less-seasoned climbers who typically enlist guides known as sherpas. Climbing more than 8,000 feet is no easy feat. Altitude sickness, weather and wind are the major roadblocks to making the summit for most climbers. More than 5,000 people have climbed Everest and 219 have died trying. About 77 percent of those ascents have been accomplished since 2000. In 2007, a record number of 633 ascents were recorded.
Mount Everest has two main climbing routes, the southeast ridge from Nepal and the north ridge from Tibet. Today, the southeast ridge route, which is technically easier, is more frequently used. The northern approach was discovered in 1921 by George Mallory during the British Reconnaissance Expedition, which was an exploratory expedition, not intended to attempt the summit. Mallory was famously, perhaps apocryphally, quoted as answering the question “Why do you want to climb Mount Everest?” with the reply “Because it’s there.” In 1922, Brit George Finch attempted an ascent using oxygen for the first time, but the expedition was thwarted by an avalanche.
Base Camp to Climb
Base Camp is like a Formula One car racing depot. Satellite phones buzz in international tents as the worlds languages mix in thrilling accounts of the latest. Journalists, families and climbers exchange news and emotions between the mountain and the world. For no alpine peak fires imagination like Mount Everest. You handle the latest tech gear, but wash your clothes in frozen lakes, where you crush the ice and work quickly before it freezes over again. Drying up, the damp clothes freeze into strange ice formations at night. The same happens to your wet hair. And your toothpaste. You finish your meal quickly for it immediately cools on your plate. You eat buffalo meat. It´s fresh until it starts to smell. Then you wait. After a few weeks the odour vanish. At that point your BC sherpa-cook start to include it in your diet again, as a very special buffalo jerky.
Facts About Mt Everest
Here are some interesting facts about Mount Everest you may or may not know:
- Mount Everest was formed over 60 million years ago.
- In Nepal, the mountain is called Sagarmatha, meaning Goddess of the sky.
- In Tibet, the mountain is called Chomolungman, meaning Mother goddess of the universe.
- The English name – Everest – was named after Sir George Everest, the British surveyor-general of India in 1865. Before, it was only known as Peak 15.
- Every year, Mt. Everest rises a few millimeters due to natural geological forces.
- On the way to the summit, a climber will pass over 200 bodies of previous climbers. Many of these bodies are extremely well preserved due to the extreme cold.
- In 1996, 16 people died during the climbing season, the highest death toll in a single year on Everest.
- The first successful ascent was made by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay.
- The first solo ascent was made by Reinhold Messner on August 20, 1980.
- Messner also made the first ever oxygenless ascent on May 8, 1979.
- The youngest person to summit Everest was only 13 years old. This was accomplished by Jordan Romero on May 22, 2010.
- The oldest person to summit Everest was 76 years, 340 days old. This was accomplished by Min Bahadur Sherchan on May 25, 2008.
The leading cause of death on Everest is avalanches.
- The second leading cause of death are falls.
- Aba Sherpa has made it to the summit of Everest 21 times.
- There are two main climbing routes and many others that are are less frequently used. Since the first successful ascent in 1953, thousands have climbed to the summit of Mt Everest, hundreds have also died while attempting to do so.
- Dangers that await climbers on Mt Everest include high winds, bad weather and altitude sickness.
- In recent times the number of climbers attempting to reach the summit of Mt Everest has increased dramatically, causing concerns for both safety and the state of the mountain as climbers routinely leave litter, gear and other debris behind.
- There is a South Base Camp located at 5364 m (17598 ft) and a North Base Camp located at 5150 m (16900 ft). Supplies are taken to these base camps and climbers will often stay there while acclimatizing to the high altitude and lower levels of oxygen.
- Altitudes above 8000 m (26000 ft) are often referred to as the “Death Zone”, a height that humans struggle to survive at for more than a few days.
- Plants and animals struggle to survive under the extreme conditions of Mt Everest but birds have been seen at high altitudes and a type of moss grows at heights close to 6500 m (21325 ft).
- Although Mt Everest is the highest mountain on Earth above sea level, its summit is only the 5th farthest from the Earth’s centre. Because the Earth bulges at the equator, mountains such as Mt Chimborazo in Ecuador have summits that are farther away.