The Udzungwa Mountains
Udzungwa Mountains National Park is 1 of Tanzania’s most outstanding, pristine, paradise and exclusive exciting wilderness mountains forested with greatest altitudinal range of forest. It can be 1 of thirty-four “World Biodiversity Hotspot” and 1 of 200 WWF Ecoregion of global crucial importanceUdzungwa Mountains National Park was established in 1992, soon after becoming gazetted by the Tanzanian Government. The park is property of primate and identified from the treasure of high biodiversity of plants and animals. The park has high density of endemism species with some plants and animals which are only discovered in these mountains nowhere else inside the world might be discovered hence center for endemism inside the eastern arc mountains. Udzungwa Mountains National Park is component of the Eastern Arc Mountains, which is often a series of mountains ranging from Taita Hills in Southern Kenya to the Makambako Gap in Southern central of Tanzania. The mountain range often is termed as “The Galapagos Islands of Africa” Galapagos Islands discovered in southern America has exclusive plants and animals. The eastern Arc Mountains are modest and fragmented mountains each and every block having a patch of remaining dense tropical rain forests with high rainfall which appears as Islands inside the sea of arid savannah vegetation. The Eastern arc ancient crystalline mountains had been formed far more than 200 million years ago. Geological adjustments caused the rising of the central plateau, now the Tanzania/Kenya Highlands, along with the formation of the Rift valley. Eastern Arc Mountains have species concentrations of exclusive flora and fauna inside the world, furthermore it contains 30-40 percent of Tanzania plants and animals. Humidity inside the air from the Indian Ocean is forced, by the sudden alter of altitude, to precipitate as rain inside the mountains. Considering that the prevailing wind comes from east, the mountain range continually receives rain. Location and Size..The Udzungwa Mountains National Park with it is location of 1990 sq. km is component of exclusive Eastern Arc Mountains, which cover about 10,000 square kilometers. The park is centered on 30 41′ E and 70 48′ S inside the Iringa and Morogoro regions of south central Tanzania. Udzungwa Mountains National Park rises between 250m asl Park and 2576m asl Lohomero at the highest peak. CLIMATE Udzungwa covers wet humid climate offering water for Kilombero valley. The Wonderful Ruaha supplies electricity for significantly of the country. Rainfall inside the south east of the mountains to 2000 mm per year and on the north west rain shadow location it decreases to 600 mm. Temperatures range from 21 – 27 degrees C on average. WILDLIFE HIGHLIGHTS Eleven primate species with five endemic species of which 3 are diurnal Sanje Mangabey (Cercocebus sanjei), new discovered monkey (Rungwecerbus kipunji) and Iringa red colobus Monkey(Colobus gordonorum) (both on the IUCN red list). Other primates are Black and white Colobus Monkey(Colobus angolensis),Yellow baboon (Papio c. cynocephulus), Blue Monkey (Cercopithecus mitis), Vervet Monkey (Cercopithecus aethiops).Note: Strict rules are in location to safeguard you along with the primates. Enable a minimum of 2 days to see them – this just isn’t a zoo so you can find no guarantees where they are going to be each and every day.The park is also a property to animals like Elephants, Buffaloes, Lion, Leopard, Abbot duikers, Red duikers, Blue duikers, Bushbucks, Bush pigs, Honey badgers, Civets, Hippopotamus, Sables, Klipspringers, pangolins, Mongoose, squirrels, Hyraxes and other people. Depending where and when 1 go. BIRD LIFE The park has second highest bird diversity in Africa behind only the Ituri forest inside the Democratic Republic of Congo. Ornithologist are attracted to Park for an avian wealth as the forest is wealthy in birds habitat embracing far more than 250 species, from the lovely and far more than a dozen secretive Eastern Arc endemics species like Rufous winged sunbird and Udzungwa partridge a forest partridge 1st discovered in 1991 and far more closely related to an Asian Genus than to any other African fowl. REPTILES AND AMPHIBIANSThe Park also is appealing to herpetologist as harbors a dozen of Reptiles and amphibians which some of them are endemic to the Park like Cnemaspis uzungwae, Phrynobatrachus uzungwensis FLORAThe Park Mountains is exclusive as the only national park in Tanzania having close canopy and unbroken forest from lowland rainforest at 250m asl rising to highland forest 2576m asl the highest peak inside the park. The park has plants from modest plants like Saint paullia to massive tree over 30m high like Sterculia appendiculata and Antiaris toxicaria.The park has far more than 2500 plants species over 160 species identified as medicinal plants, botanists have recently discovered many endemic plants inside the park. The significant attraction is biologically diverse plants, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, birds , butterfly, and insects of which some of species are discovered nowhere else inside the world. Udzungwa Mountains National ATTRACTIONS Udzungwa just isn’t a conventional game viewing destination, Udzungwa is often a magnet for hikers. An exceptional network of forest trails consists of the well-known half-day ramble to Sanje Waterfall, which plunges 170 m (550 feet) by way of a misty spray into the forested valley below. The far more difficult two-night Mwanihana Trail leads to the high plateau, with its panoramic views over surrounding sugar plantations, just before ascending to Mwanihana peak, the second-highest point inside the range. Ornithologists are attracted to Udzungwa for an avian wealth embracing far more than 400 species, from the lovely and readily-located green-headed oriole to far more than a dozen secretive Eastern Arc endemics. Four bird species are peculiar to Udzungwa, which includes a forest partridge 1st discovered in 1991 and far more closely related to an Asian genus than to any other African fowl. Of six primate species recorded, the Iringa red colobus and Sanje Crested Mangabey both happen nowhere else inside the world – the latter, remarkably, remained undetected by biologists prior to 1979.Udzungwa is the only identified National Park in Tanzania having a culturally critical natural cave and has survived destruction just before gazettement on account of standard taboos and beliefs. Culture and History “Udzungwa” is almost certainly a linguistic corruption – possibly by the Germans – of the Wahehe word “wadsungwa” which means the individuals who live on the side of the mountains. For a lot of years the men and women on the eastern side of the Udzungwa Mountains have utilised the location as a sacred location for worship. They think in a Mountain God they call bokela to whom they give sacrifices in times of drought, diseases and famine. ROUTES AND CAMPS. Considering that the access of most areas is by foot. Mountains climbing , Hiking , bird watching and camping safaris are the significant activity inside the park, an exceptional network of forest trails go by way of lovely sceneries, trails are maintained frequently to enable access for visitors in diverse parts of the park. Tourists trailsMountain climbing and Hiking becoming the significant activity, presently you can find ten tourists’ trails inside the eastern and western component of the park. Eastern trailsMwanihana and Lumemo trails for hiking to Mwanihana peak the second highest peak 2500masl, Sanje trails for hiking to Sanje waterfall, Prince Bernhard trail for hiking to Prince Bernhard and Njokamoni waterfall, Sonjo trail hiking to Sonjo waterfall and Njokamoni Mwaya waterfalls trail. Western trailsMbatwa trails for hiking to Mwanaluvele cave, Ibito valley and Ng’ung’umbi swamp.Udekwa trails for hiking to Lohomero peak the highest peak inside the park 2576masl, Chavemba peak at Ndundulu Mountains, and Nyumbanitu. AccommodationLodges:1. Udzungwa Mountain View lodge – it can be about five minutes by walking south from the park headquarter. The lodge is just facing the lovely ranges of Udzungwa Mountains. It can be an perfect location for brief view of Monkeys.2. Mountain Peak Lodge – it can be about 15 minutes by walking south/eastern of the park headquarter. The lodge is situated at the centre of the Mangula Village. It can be quite near to the fruits marketplace.three. Mangabey Lodge – it can be about 10 minutes by walking south/eastern of the park headquarter. four. Twiga Hotel – it can be the hotel owned by the park itself. It can be about three to five minutes eastern of the park. five.Park Rest home 6.Mikumi guinesis lodge Guest Houses:Lobolwe and Makole guest houses, are situated at the village centre. Campsites:Camping is probable inside the park. ITINERARY SAMPLE – UDZUNGWA Day 1: Pick up and transfer by road (visits to local craft centers and lunch along the way) to the village of Mangula, situated at the foot of the mountains. Here you are going to make final preparations for your trek into the mountains. The hike up to Sanje waterfalls campsite where you are going to overnight is reasonably short maximum (max 2hrs) but is fairly steep in locations. This is the park’s most well-known attraction, despite the fact that it can be unlikely that you are going to meet any other hikers. When at Sanje there is going to be time to explore forest and waterfalls, and even go for swim in 1 of the plunge pools. Bushbabies might be heard calling by way of the night and there is going to be a night walking safari trying to find endemic chameleons Day 2: Wake up for sunrise, unincredible sight from the natural viewing amongst the waterfalls. Soon after breakfast you are going to descend back down to the road and to the beginning point of the Mwanihana trail, which at 34 km is often a presently existing longest hike inside the udzungwas. This is also the only trail that exposes the visitors to the closed montane forest and grassland habitats of the greater slopes. Camp at an idyllically situated campsite, next to a clear mountain stream. Day three: Breakfast at sunrise just before you start the climb throught the montane forest to the 2150 m Mwanihana peak where the views across udzungwas are impressive on a clear day. Descend to camp for a well deserved lunch. Inside the afternoon walk down to a camp near a river in a location favored by high primate abundance. Day four: Soon after a leisurely breakfast there is certainly a final short hike out of the forest and you are going to be transferred back to Dar / any other next direction.