Chemical Peel – Cost, Benefits and Side Effects
A chemical peel is a procedure in which an acid solution is used to remove dead and damaged upper skin layers to smooth and refine the skin’s texture.
A chemical peeling technique is also referred to as derma peeling or chemexfoliation. This is a non-surgical cosmetic treatment that is used to get rid of skin blemishes, acne marks, wrinkles, fine lines, uneven skin pigmentation, and other skin irregularities. Many people consider it as an alternative to plastic surgery. The best part of using a chemical peel, is that it gives quick results. Moreover, it does not require hospitalization, where a person is treated as an outpatient.
What do Chemical Peels do?
During a chemical peel, a chemical is applied on your skin, which in a controlled manner destroys layers of the skin. This destruction is equivalent to creating a superficial wound on the skin. As a result of the chemical treatment, the layer of the skin that is wounded peels away, taking along with it any acne, scarring and pigmentation plaguing that layer. Once the layer is removed, the skin starts producing fresh cells to replace the lost skin and to heal the wound. The new layer of skin is devoid of any scarring or acne and you get a smooth and beautiful skin.
What are the Types of Chemical Peel Procedures?
The types of chemical peels differ based on how deeply the chemical penetrates and what type of chemical solution is used. Things that may affect the depth of a peel include the acid concentration in the peeling agent, the number of coats that are applied, and the amount of time allowed before the acid is neutralized. Deeper peels result in more dramatic effects as well as higher risks, increased pain, and longer healing time. There are three basic types of peels:
Superficial or lunchtime peel: Alpha-hydroxy acid or another mild acid is used to penetrate only the outer layer of skin to gently exfoliate it. The treatment is used to improve the appearance of mild skin discoloration and rough skin as well as to refresh the face, neck, chest or hands.
Medium peel: Glycolic or trichloroacetic acid is applied to penetrate the out and middle layers of skin to remove damaged skin cells. The treatment is used to improve age spots, fine lines and wrinkles, freckles and moderate skin discoloration. It also can be used to smooth rough skin and treat some precancerous skin growths, i.e. actinic keratosis.
Deep peel: Tricholoracetic acid or phenol is applied to deeply penetrate the middle layer of skin to remove damaged skin cells. The treatment removes moderate lines, age spots, freckles and shallow scars. Patients will see a dramatic improvement in skin appearance. The procedure is used on the face and only can be performed once.
Many Benefits of Chemical Peels
The chemical peels can treat a variety of skin conditions depending on the chemicals used and the depth that they reach. The skin conditions that can be treated are:
- Acne scars
- Age spots
- Pigmentation and freckles
- Wrinkles and fine lines
- Rough skin
Chemical Peel Side Effects
Chemical peels can cause an irritation and a burning sensation in the skin when they are applied on the skin. They should not be left of the skin for too long since they are capable of burning the skin. Chemical peels can also cause a temporary change in the color of your skin since your older skin is removed during the peel.
Chemical Peel Cost
A chemical peel cost varies according to its type. The cost of a light chemical peel treatment can be as low as $150. You can get an over-the-counter mild chemical peel that you can use at home, for about $30. A medium chemical peel will cost you about $1000, for one session. A deep chemical peel technique is by far the most expensive, and can go up to as high as $6000.